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Hemp fiber has been used for the production of many items throughout ancient history. Along with bamboo, hemp is one of the fastest growing plants on Earth. Its stalk can be converted to fiber for rope, textiles, paper and construction materials. Automobile companies like BMW use hemp fiber to reinforce their door panels for better safety standards. It was also one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 50,000 years ago. Join our Hemp revolution. Currently, more than 30 nations grow industrial hemp as an agricultural commodity, which is sold on the world market. The fiber then undergoes scutching, the mechanical removal of remaining hurd bits by beating the stems with a beech stick or passing through rotary blades. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. It is not common in North America. Have a look around our website to find out more about how you can get involved. Hemp seed has high levels of protein, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, essential fatty acids and trace elements. Raw materials such as hurds, or shives, are short woody fibers typically found inside the stalk. It was once used mainly to make Manila rope, but this is now of minor importance. Automobile companies like BMW use hemp fiber to reinforce door panels for better safety and lighter weight. Hempcrete is a special material derived from hemp that acts similar to concrete. A mixture of fiberglass, hemp fiber, kenaf, and flax has been used to make composite panels for automobiles. There are three main types of retting: Field or dew retting is the only type of retting that can be done on-farm, while the other types require some sort of special facility. - A fiber, a drug, or a plant. The plant can be ploughed down for green manure in the early flowering stage. Industrial hemp is grown for a number of uses – clothes, rope, food, and much more. Bast fibers are long and found in the bark, while hurd fibers are short and found in the stem. The narcotic content is because of tetra-hydro-cannabinol content (THC) which is as much as 20% and causes the high when smoked. The plant has lance-shaped leaves growing directly from the short plant stalk to form a dense rosette. Even in countries with cooler climates like England, hemp was grown and spun into tough ropes used for a variety of purposes. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. The hemp stalks contain two types of fibers – bast fibers and hurd fibers. The plant has some medicinal and therapeutic uses. It is low in THC. CBD oil. Using plastic net wrap and twine would further ensure its integrity. Raw seeds are toxic and cannot be fed to cattle without prior boiling. In double retting, a process that produces extremely high quality, excellent fiber, the stalks are removed from the water before the retting is finished, dried for a few months, and then retted again. It is high in fiber and grain, as opposed to its sister Cannabis Indica, which is short, densely branched, and has poor fiber quality. Also, the products produced with hemp are sustainable. The plant is relatively short, conical and densely branched. Originating in Central Asia, it is now grown in a number of countries ranging from Canada, USA, France, Italy, Germany, Philippines, and India, to name a few. The hemp plant is a stout, aromatic, erect annual herb. Seed-producing flowers form elongate, spikelike clusters growing on the pistillate, or female, plants. The common features of natural fibers along with inherent mechanical, thermal, and acoustic properties of hemp fibers make them beneficial for reinforcements in polymer composite materials [35,59,60]. It is one of the best fibers to make ropes and cords due to its durability and is stronger than jute, linen, and cotton. It is also known as ‘controlled rotting’ and requires a skilled hemp farmer to oversee the process. The Hemp fiber or industrial hemp is obtained from the outer layer or the bast of the Cannabis sativa plant, more popularly known as that meant for producing marijuana or hashish. Hemp lost much of its commercial value when the cotton gin was invented, making cotton easier to process than hemp. The best fiber is known for their length, strength, durability, absorbency, anti-mildew and antimicrobial properties. Hemp fibers are finally baled for long-term storage or transportation. The water softens the outer layer of the stalks and promotes the growth of more bacteria to speed up the process. All right reserved. Cannabis indica tends to have a higher Δ9-THC and a lower Cannabidiol (CBD) content than C. Sativa L. Marijuana, dependent on the strain, can have THC concentrations of 18% to 38%. The dirt and tiny particles of the core can also be used as a high nutrient soil additive. This is known as wet spinning. Before the cotton industry really took off, we used hemp to produce clothes. Hempcrete (a mixture of hemp hurds and lime products) is being used as a building material. The hemp strands have microscopic alcoves, making them extremely breathable and absorbent. Apart from its medicinal use, the hemp plant is also largely utilized to make hemp fiber. Hemp can be grown as a fiber, seed, or dual-purpose crop. Once they reach maturity they are harvested around the same time of year as hemp-cannabis for CBD production, but in a very different manner. For centuries, hemp has been used for traditional medicines. Hemp vs. Wood for Paper In a shorter period, hemp can produce the same amount of pulp and in a smaller area than trees. Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) is a multipurpose tropical and subtropical legume grown in many countries, notably India, mainly for its high-quality fibre. The hurd of hemp stalks can also be used as a fiberglass substitute, or in stucco and mortar. It is used in many industries including paper, biodegradable plastic, construction, health food, chemical clean-ups, and fuel. It is also cheaper. Hemp has been grown industrially for thousands of years to produce paper, textiles, food, biodegradable plastics, and much more. It requires about three and a half months with 10-12 inches of rainfall to grow adequately. CBD and THC are the principal cannabinoids (among several) found in cannabis. Many hemp producers recycle the fiber by removing dust and then packaging it. Hemp can be grown as a renewable source for raw materials that can be incorporated into thousands of products. They are boiled in treatments consisting of chemicals like Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Sulphite, Hydrochloric acid, and Oxalic acid. Nugistics is headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona. The pectin or chemical bonds holding the stem together are broken down to enable easier separation of the bast from the core of the plant. This can be achieved through a machine called a decorticator. Large, round bales work best as they allow for better drying and the hemp is not as tightly packed as in squares. The fiber has low elasticity, so products made with hemp fabrics retain their shape. For even retting, they should be turned over when they start changing color from green to pale yellow and must be picked up at the right time to avoid over-retting. The lower leaf pairs usually occur in an opposite leaf arrangement on the stem. Hempseed oil is also valuable as a component of personal care products such as soaps, conditioners and lotions. Abacá is an exceptionally strong fibre, nowadays used for special papers like teabag tissue. This is because hemp has fibrous stalks, which are great for weaving into cloth. Hemp is a strain of the Cannabis sativaplant species with a rich history in industrial, food and health-related uses. It’s one of the fastest growing plants and its parts are used for a range of products, including food, clothing, rope and natural remedies. The plants are laid in the field for 4-6 weeks, during which the bacteria on the plant’s surface will break down the outer layer. Hemp plants are also thermophilic and heliotropic, meaning that they need a good amount of warmth and sun, without which seed production and bio-mass are compromised. While its … They are more practical than cotton, and their length adds to the strength. Bast fibers can be cleaned, spun and then woven or knitted into many fabrics suitable for durable and comfortable clothing and housewares. It is done by either natural water retting in slow-moving waters like ponds, bogs, or streams or by tank retting in concrete vats. What is hemp used for if it can’t be smoked? What are some benefits and commercial uses of Hemp? Hemp, also known as industrial hemp, is a non-psychoactive strain of cannabis. The global market for hemp consists of more than 25,000 products in nine submarkets: agriculture, textiles, recycling, automotive, furniture, food and beverages, paper, construction materials, and personal care. Hemp has also been used to make shoes that are comfortable and sturdy instead of leather. Bio-mass and seed production will be reduced if plants do not receive enough sun and warmth throughout the growing season. Manila hemp, also known as abacá, is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa Textilis (a relative of edible bananas), which is likewise called Manila hemp as well as abacá. The short … It can be useful as an intercropping species, in cereal fields or for other cash crops. The fabric has a number of advantageous properties such as UV protection, and its anti-microbial/hypo-allergenic benefit makes it optimal for sensitive skin. Most female hemp fields include some male plants scattered amongst them. Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, several other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), Mauritius Hemp (Furcraea foetida), Sunn Hemp (Crotalaria juncea) and many more. There are three species of the hemp plant: Cannabis sativa L., Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. The fiber is made from the stalks and undergoes a multistep process to deliver a satisfactory outcome of the yield. Yes, they are both derived from and classified under the Cannabis sativa plant, but hemp is very different from marijuana in terms of chemical makeup, cultivation, and uses. Due to their strength, hemp stalks are often used in construction materials like fiberboard and insulation. It is highly resistant to harmful UV rays and will not fade in the sunlight. This type of retting produces a higher quality of fiber though it is more expensive. More recently high-CBD strains have been used as a source to create CBD oil extracts used in a wide range of products known for their non-psychoactive, therapeutic benefits. Fabrics made from line fibre can have a texture similar to linen; very different to the feel of wearing something akin to a hessian sack that some people may have experienced with hemp clothing There are three species of the hemp plant: Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, several other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (. It is also a more expensive method and requires a hemp grower to properly manage the process. Hemp is used to manufacture clothing such as jeans and sport clothing, lingerie and other high fashion apparel. Only the outer layer of the Cannabis sativa stalk is used for textile purposes; the inner, woody layer is commonly used for fuel, building materials, and animal bedding. The wood-like core Hemp fiber can be used for animal bedding, garden mulch, fuel and an assortment of building materials. This is so that the male plants release pollen for the female plant to produce seeds. Industrial hemp is grown for food, paper, building materials, fuel, and so much more. Hemp is an agricultural commodity that is cultivated for use in the production of a wide range of products, including foods and beverages, cosmetics and personal care products, nutritional supplements, fabrics and textiles, yarns and spun fibers, paper, construction and insulation materials, and other manufactured goods. The plant is cultivated mainly on large plantations and produces leaves suitable for harvest within three to four years after planting and each 18 to 36 months thereafter. Hemp fibers are also used in automobile industry for reinforcing molded thermoplastics. Hemp fibers are used in fabrics and textiles, yarns and spun fibers, paper, carpeting, home furnishings, construction and insulation materials, auto parts, and composites. They can also be used in baking and cooking, though the nutritional content is at its highest in its raw state. It can substitute for wood fiber in pulp and paper production. Hemp fibres have been used for centuries to manufacture clothes, bags, shoes, paper, building materials, and insulation purposes. It is thought to have originated as a hybrid between G. speciosa and G. pubescens. However, hemp is also from the same species of plant, Cannabis sativa, as marijuana. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient of marijuana, is the main difference between the different species. As opposed to marijuana plants, hemp plants can be grown outdoors and more densely – those cultivated for oil can be grown among 40-60 other plants per four square feet, and those cultivated for fiber can be grown with 100-120 plants per four square feet. To further treat the fibers for a finer yarn, they are passed through a trough of hot water before being spun. If you want to know more about their difference, then let us know in the comment section below. Organic hemp fabrics The stalks of the hemp plant consist of two layers: The outer layer is formed from rope-like bast fibers, and the inner layer consists of a woody pith. This kind of flowering is also known as auto-flowering. Copyright © by Nugistics 2020. Hemp is actually better suited for paper production than wood as it contains much more cellulose. What is Hemp? The slender cane-like stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. Many fibre and grain products and industrial uses have been made from Cannabis sativa L. (hemp). Hemp has long been known for its 25,000+ potential product uses thanks to its fibrous makeup and versatile seeds. https://www.institut-icanna.com/en/blog/67/Hemp:-a-plant-with-many-names, https://formulaswiss.com/blogs/cbd/hemp-history-and-uses, Know what exactly is Hemp? Hemp fiber is generally grown in a temperate climate. The stalks are then chopped and allowed to dry for a while. A subspecies of Cannabis is known as hemp. Hemp plants are warmth-loving (thermophilic) and sun-loving (heliotropic). Let’s get to know some of them. In fact, the word “canvas” comes from the French chanevaz, literally meaning “made of hemp.” Hemp plants produce significantly more usable fiber than cotton or flax and tend to be stronger and more versatile. A special cutting machine is used to reduce the length of the fibers from 3 m to 650 mm. Leather can be expensive, but hemp fiber is a lot cheaper, not as time-consuming, and does not harm animals. Sunn hemp, like hemp (Cannabis sativa), is mainly grown as a fibre crop that was much used in the traditional manufacture of ropes, strings, twines, floor mats, and fishing nets. It falls into two categories. Hemp-nettle commonly called Galeopsisis an annual weed sometimes plentiful on arable land, and in cornfields. As the name suggests, hemp fiber refers to the fibers that grow on the outside of the hemp plant’s stalk. Long hemp fibers can be spun and woven to fine quality fabric used in clothing, home furnishing textiles and floor coverings. Hemp fiber has been used for thousands of years to make fabric for clothes and textiles. They should be stored in a dry, less humid environment limiting any sort of water penetration to avoid mold. The gray-green leaves are 1.2 to 2.1 metres (4 to 7 feet) long and about 20 cm (8 inches) across the widest portion. Get in touch with us today if you have any questions about our product suite. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial use. The term medical hemp (medical cannabis) in different countries is interpreted very differently, for example in some cases it means a high concentration of THC, in some others a high concentration of CBD, while in the third it means a standardized product. Hemp tow is used for stuffing or coarse yarn spinning and line fibre for higher-end applications such as clothing fabrics, furnishing and floor coverings. The crop is grown for green manure, as a soil improver and as a disease break in cereal or other crop rotations. Dry spinning is also possible, but the outcome is coarser. Cordage is an age old use for hemp fiber. Pollen-producing flowers form many-branched clusters on staminate, or male, plants. The seeds are said to be included in the diet of marsh and willow tits. Hemp is the most versatile natural resource. They should be cut as close to the ground as possible. Sailors used the fabric to make canvas sails for ships (the word ‘canvas’ comes from ‘cannabis.’). The variety of cannabis cultivated for hemp fiber and hemp seeds has only small amounts of psychoactive THC relative to cannabis grown for the production of marijuana or hashish. It will only continue to increase as people make the change to sustainable, eco-friendly products with little harm to the environment. Hemp decortication is the process that removes the tough, woody interior of the hemp plant and separates it from its soft exterior. Its growing popularity suggests history repeating itself once again as hemp was one of the first and most common plants to be made into fabric about 10,000 years ago. It is also very expensive, priced several times higher than wood pulp. It yields about 25–30 leaves at each harvest. Hemp has been used for centuries to make rope, canvas and paper. It has been used to replace wood to build breathable homes. - Hemp contains all 10 essential amino acids, making it a good plant-based protein source. This fiber has some very incredible properties. In fact, it is misrepresentation or rather a scam. It is harvested from Industrial Hemp, and used for various crafting recipes including String, Tough Fabric and Hempcrete. Industrial hemp, fiber hemp or medical hemp, as a rule, create unnecessary confusion because they differ in the purpose of use, the name does not reflect botanical differences but the differences in the ratio and the number of active substances. Though its usage and popularity declined temporarily, it is slowly climbing back up with people finding new and inventive ways to make use of its properties. It was once used mainly to make Manila rope, but this is now of minor importance. It withstands laundering – each time it is washed, the fibers become softer and finer. Here is a video explaining what exactly is cannabis-hemp as a Hindi vlog. Hemp is one of the lightest fibers available, giving clothes a lightweight and breathable feel. The most common and ancient use of hemp fiber is for paper. Well-crafted hemp textiles are durable, breathability and have strong thermal qualities, as well as being mildew-resistant and hypoallergenic. Paper made from hemp was first identified dating to the Western Han Dynasty, 200 years before regular paper making. While harvesting, they are usually cut a few inches above the ground, ideally with a sickle or machete. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, industrial hemp includes “the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part or derivative of such plant, including seeds of such plant, whether growing or not, that is used exclusively for industrial purposes (fiber and seed) with a tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.” Hemp has been used for paper for at least 2,000 years, even though today hemp paper accounts for about only 0.05% of world paper production. Hemp also produces an oil seed that contains … It was also used for sail rigging and anchor cords. This type of retting is inexpensive but usually delivers poorer quality fiber compared to other types of retting. What it does have in high amounts is cannabidiol (CBD). Hemp plants are also thermophilic and heliotropic, meaning that they need a good amount of warmth and sun, without which seed production and bio-mass are compromised. However, as people have become aware of the environmental benefits of … Water retting involves soaking the dry hemp stems is bacteria-filled water tanks, ponds, or rivers. Hemp fibers grow up to 15 feet in length and are extremely durable. The Many Uses of Hemp 1. Hemp fiber is less expensive than wood and also great for insulation. Hemp As Medicine. Common hemp-nettle is a very variable species in flower colour and leaf shape. Some are edged with thornlike projections. Before hemp was outlawed in the 1970s as a part of the Controlled Substances Act, this non-psychoactive cannabis strain was used for many industrial purposes throughout colonial America and through the 20th century. They're used for making bedding materials, absorbents, particle board, ceiling panels, compost, and … We have named our organization as Himalayan hemp because we encompass all kinds of indigenous plants in the Himalayan region including cannabis hemp. The process is done by microorganisms on the stem, in the soil, or by special enzymes. Marijuana is commonly trimmed of its leaves and stalks down to the flowering buds which are then smoked or consumed as a recreational, medical, or spiritual psychoactive drug. It is also used as a food and is not the same as cannabinoids used for intoxication purposes. Cannabis ruderalis will produce flowers based on age rather than the light cycle (photoperiod). Some of the first ropes ever were made from hemp fiber. Plants cultivated for fiber are densely sown and grow up to 2-3 meters tall. Sunn hemp foliage can be used as a protein source to supplement poor quality roughage. It softens the pectin and allows for further separation of fibers. Hemp was also used to make rope as well as clothing. Watch this video to know more about hemp species. The flower stalk, which appears near the end of the plant’s life, some 8 to 10 years after planting, grows up to 12.2 metres (40 feet) and bears white flowers about 3.8 cm (1.5 inches) long. Manila hemp, also known as abacá, is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa Textilis (a relative of edible bananas), which is likewise called Manila hemp as well as abacá. Hemp oil contains an even higher percentage of GLA. The term “marijuana” is used for the recreational and medicinal use of products derived from the flower and leaves. Industrial Hemp Fiber is an item added by Immersive Engineering. The oil extracted from this seed goes into cooking as well as making paint, varnish, ink, lubricants, cellophane and detergents. It has regained interest in the late 2000s as its fibre is reported to be more environmentally friendly than synthetic fibres and having valuable traits for paper industries. Try sprinkling hemp seeds over a salad or as a topping on granola, puddings, or other desserts. It prefers nutrient-rich loamy or sandy soils. Hemp Fiber Textiles. Marijuana and hemp are different in their appearance, growing methods, chemical makeup, and potential uses. Modern decorticating techniques use steam explosion and ultrasonic breaking, two techniques that are not as harsh. Hemp paper also prevents cutting down of trees. Hemp can be used as a cheap and efficient replacement for many of our traditional materials used in producing products that we use daily. A few years ago, archaeological excavation in the ancient city of Çatalhöyük, Turkey, found a baby skeleton wrapped in hemp fabric, which goes to show how long they can last. It conducts heat, dyes well, resists mildew, blocks ultraviolet light and has natural anti-bacterial properties. The Stalk Plastic Composites - A mixture of hemp fiber, flax, fiberglass and kenaf is being used to create composite parts for large vehicle manufacturers such as Mercedes, BMW and jaguar - but specifically hemp refers to plants of the Cannabis Sativa family. A long standing use for bast fibers are their use in textiles. Dry conditions reduce vegetative and reproductive growth. This means the plant can’t get you high because it contains less than 1% of THC. Any woody particles are removed and then aligned for spinning accordingly. It is done by spreading the hemp stalks on the ground, so they are exposed to rain and dew. Hemp fibers are primarily used for textiles, paper, building materials, and other industrial products. These seeds can be used for more crops and also sold as food. The term industrial hemp is also interpreted differently, mainly related to the low (very different %) content of THC. Fig: Products of hemp fiber. 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